Originally known as Hoshea or Oshea (Hebrew, meaning “salvation” – Num. 13:8, Unger’s Bible Dictionary, p. 609), he was later renamed Joshua (Hebrew, meaning “Jehovah/God saves or is salvation” – Num. 13:16, Unger’s, p. 609) by Moses.

Joshua, the son of Nun is a descendant of Ephraim, Joseph’s son (1 Chron. 7:20, 25-27).


Num. 11:28       From when was Joshua an attendant/aide/disciple of Moses?


[Joshua was obviously teachable, eager to learn, faithful, available, and had a heart for God (as we shall see from all the following passages) because as he grew older, his discipler/spiritual leader, Moses puts great confidence in him as a man of both godly character and leadership abilities and skills.].

[The best disciples are usually those who are groomed by their discipler over a long period of time (i.e., many years, even the discipler’s entire life).].

[Joshua assisted Moses in whatever area or capacity Moses desired/needed.  Joshua could lead thousands in a battle (Ex. 17:8-14), he could be left alone to oversee some task or responsibility (Ex. 33:11), or he could just keep Moses company on a lonely mission for a long period (Ex. 24:12-15, 18).].


Ex. 17:8, 13      In what capacity is Joshua first mentioned in the Bible?


[Out of some 603,550 military men available (Num. 1:45), Moses picks Joshua to lead the fight against the Amalekite army.  This shows Moses’ confidence in Joshua’s leadership potential and capabilities to be the commander of this new Israelite army.].

Does your discipler/spiritual leader have confidence in your leadership abilities and skills so as to put you in charge of great responsibilities?



What do you think led up to Moses’ confidence in Joshua’s leadership qualities?


Do you think that Joshua’s teachability, eagerness to learn, faithfulness, and availability to Moses since Joshua’s youth had anything to do with it?



Ex. 17:9

What quality must Joshua have had so that Moses tells him to choose men for their army to fight the Amalekites?


Does your spiritual leader/discipler think that you have the quality of good judgment?



How would Moses have known whether Joshua had this quality?


Ex. 17:10    What godly characteristic does Joshua exhibit here?


Does your spiritual leader view you as an obedient disciple/trainee?



What could you do so that he would view you as an obedient disciple?


Why that?


Ex. 24:12-14

Why do you think Joshua was the only one selected to go up the mountain (Mt. Sinai) with Moses (where Moses received the two tablets, the Law, for the first time)?


Does your spiritual leader give you opportunities to do things that he doesn’t give just anybody because he’s trying to groom you to some day take over the leadership?


Num. 13:3, 8, 16    Of what is Joshua (Hoshea) the head?


How large does his army number (Num. 1:32-33)?


If you were a leader over so many people, would you be so proud that it would be hard for you to be submissive/obedient and a servant to your spiritual leader?



Would you even sense the need to still be taught and trained at this point?



Why do you think that some disciples have thoughts of going independent as soon as they get some training under their belt, get some followers of their own, or become popular with a group, but are far from being fully trained?


Ex. 24:13    What is Joshua called here?


Do your attitudes and actions show you to be a servant to your spiritual leader?

Specifically, how?


[Even though Joshua was already a great leader militarily, politically, and spiritually, he still maintained a servant attitude and role toward Moses.].

As the years of your discipleship training roll on and you develop more and more as a leader, will you keep a servant attitude and role toward your spiritual leader/disci­pler?



How does a person develop a servant spirit and lifestyle?


Are you watching to make sure that a prideful, independent spirit doesn’t overtake you as the years of your training roll on?



Ex. 32:15-17      What quality does Joshua exhibit here?


Are you concerned for the well-being of the people your spiritual leader is over?

Why would you say that, or how do you show it?


What could you do to develop this quality in your life?


Ex. 33:9-11

The fact that Joshua was put in charge of the tent/tabernacle where God spoke directly to Moses, shows that Joshua probably had what qualities?


Does your spiritual leader/discipler consider you competent and responsible for even the most serious and important of tasks?



What qualities does Joshua exhibit, when he doesn’t depart from the tent while Moses is gone?


Does your spiritual leader consider you faithful, reliable, and dependable?

How do you know?


How could a person develop each of these qualities?


Are you?

From all of the above passages, we already see that Joshua is intimately associated with Moses, his discipler.  Are you with your discipler/spiritual teacher-trainer?



Num. 11:27-29    What good quality of Joshua’s does this passage show?


Are you concerned for the preservation of your spiritual leader’s authority and position?



Though Moses wasn’t concerned about it, as he was a very humble man, was it good that Joshua was concerned about the possibility of less qualified and possibly power-hungry people usurping Moses’ role and authority?



Num. 14:4-6, 9

How does Joshua exhibit both his grief and horror (humility) at the multitude’s rebellion against both Moses (his discipler) and God?


Have you ever exhibited your grief and horror (and humility) when people rebelled against your spiritual leader?

If so, how?


If not, why?


Num. 14:6-10

What qualities does Joshua exhibit by speaking out against the mutinous multitude (even risking his life)?


Have you ever demonstrated your courage and commitment to your spiritual leader and to God by speaking out against a rebellious follower(s)?



If you had the opportunity to do so, but didn’t, was it because you were just not committed to either your discipler or God, or because you were more interested in being liked by people, even if they were wrong in rebelling?

What will it take to be more committed to your spiritual leader and God?


And what will it take to be more courageous to speak out against wrong?


Num. 14:8-9   What quality does Joshua exhibit here?


How is your confidence/trust level in God doing?



How could you develop it?


Will you?


Num. 14:30, 37-38    How is Joshua rewarded for his courage and faithfulness?


Do you think that you have these same qualities so that God may reward you?

How does a person develop them?


Num. 34:16-17

What qualities does Joshua apparently have so that God gives him the responsibility of being in charge of apportioning the Promised Land?


Would you say that you are a person of integrity, fairness, and responsibility?



How could a person develop these qualities or improve upon them?


Deut. 1:38   In what way did Joshua stick to Moses like glue?


Are you always available to be with your spiritual leader/discipler?



Should you be?



Deut. 3:21-22 with Joshua 1:10-15; 3:1; 4:1; 6:1, 21; 23:1-4 

Even though Joshua is many years into his training from Moses, what was still true of Joshua?


How did Joshua show his continued obedience to his discipler/spiritual teacher-trainer, even after a lifelong training time by Moses?


Will you still be obeying your discipler even after many, many years of being trained by him (and even after his death)?



Deut. 31:1-2, 7; 34:9; Josh. 1:1

Until when, was Joshua Moses’ disciple/trainee?


Do you think that you will be your spiritual leader’s disciple until he dies?



Who else stayed with or was still obedient to their discipler until their discipler/spiritual leader died or was taken up into heaven (2 Ki. 2:1, 11-13; Acts 1:1-2, 10-11; 2 Tim. 1:1-2; 4:9, 11-13, 21)?


What are the benefits of being a life-long disciple/trainee of your discipler/spiritual leader?


[Joshua was neither power-hungry nor popularity-hungry, neither anxious to get rid of his discipler nor to abandon his discipler.].

How was this evident (from all the passages covered thus far)?


Joshua remained Moses’ servant-disciple all the way to Moses’ death.  Will you be a servant to your discipler that long?



Deut. 3:28; 31:3, 7, 14, 23; 34:9; Num. 27:18-23; Josh. 1:3, 5, 9, 16-18; 3:7; 24:31

What are the results or benefits of Joshua’s being an excellent disciple/trainee?


Do you think that if you were an excellent disciple, your discipler and God would bless and promote you?



As a result of this study, what changes in either attitude or action will you be making?



Let us know what you think.