“Perseverance” (Gk. “proskarteresis”) is continuing steadfastly in a thing and giving unremitting care to it.
“Endurance” (Gk. “hupomeno”) is an abiding under or bearing up courageously with patience.
“Steadfastness” (Gk. “hedraios” or “sterigmos”) is being firm, secure, and strong; moral fixity.
“Abide” (Gk. “meno”) is to continue in, dwell in, endure, remain, or stand.
Jn. 8:31 What did Jesus say to those who believed Him?
Are you abiding in (holding to by obeying) Christ’s word/teachings?
If so, how often, and why?
Jn. 15:4-5 What did Jesus tell His disciples to do (Jn. 15:4)?
Are you abiding in (dwelling/remaining in fellowship with by obeying) Christ?
How do you know?
Why should we abide in Christ (Jn. 15:4-5)?
Are you experiencing a fruitful life of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control?
If not, how can you (Eph. 5:18; 1 Jn. 5:14-15; Phil. 2:12; Col. 3:12)?
Jn. 15:9-10 What were Jesus’ disciples to abide/remain in (continue to consciously sense; continually experience)?
How were they to do this (Jn. 15:10)?
Are you continually experiencing/consciously sensing Christ’s love?
How do you know?
If Christ’s love for the believer is unconditional, then why is it necessary to keep His commands in order to abide in Christ’s love?
Or, is His love conditional (Jude 1:21; Heb. 12:6)?
Acts 14:21-22 What did Paul and Barnabas encourage the Christians in Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch to do?
How often do you encourage Christians whom you know to continue in the faith (true Christian doctrine/beliefs), and why?
How do you go about encouraging believers to do this?
1 Cor. 16:13 What does Paul command the Corinthian Christians to do?
[“stand firm in the faith” – means to not budge from biblical teachings].
Have you ever compromised or switched your biblical beliefs to false religious beliefs?
If so, which ones, and why?
Rom. 12:12 What should Christians be persevering in?
How do you respond to times of great misery or distress because of opposition to your Christian beliefs, and why?
Rom. 15:4-5 What might (will) Christians have if they persevere and are encouraged by the Scriptures?
Who gives perseverance and encouragement?
Have you thanked God for giving you these things (hope, perseverance, and encouragement)?
If so, how often, and why?
1 Cor. 15:58 What are these Christians told to do?
Are you steadfast in accurate/true, biblical teaching (e.g., the resurrection, 1 Cor. 15:2); immovable to the influence of false teachers (e.g., regarding the resurrection and the end of all things, 1 Cor. 15:12, 33-36); and abounding/increasing greatly in promoting God’s kingdom (1 Cor. 15:1-11) through evangelism and building up believers spiritually (Acts 13:2, 29-39, 46-49; 14:26, 7, 15, 21; 15:38, 36)?
How are you able to do so?
2 Cor. 6:4 In what specific areas did Timothy and Paul commend (prove) themselves as servants of God?
Would other people know that you’re a servant of God by the way and the extent that you endure persecution and hard times?
How do you know?
Gal. 5:1 What should be our position and perspective toward not being subject to the enslavement of the Old Testament regulations and commands that were given to the OT Jews?
When religious people tell you that you need to keep man-made, religious rules or Old Testament regulations (e.g., tithing; worshiping and not working on the Sabbath/Saturday; not eating pork; women not wearing pants) in order to be spiritual or accepted by God or saved, what do you do, and why?
Gal. 6:9 What should we not lose heart in (see also 2 Thes. 3:13)?
Do you ever lose motivation and grow weary of doing good for God and people, and why?
If so, how can you prevent this from happening?
Eph. 6:11-14 What should we stand firm against?
[“evil day” – the time of Satan’s violent temptations and assaults on us].
Are you doing this? If so, how?
Eph. 6:18 With what should we be alert?
Are you alert when you pray, or are you tired and thought-wandering (distracted), and why?
What can you do to stay alert?
Phil. 1:27 What did Paul want to hear about these Philippian Christians?
Are you standing firm in one spirit/purpose/aim with those whom you fellowship with in working hard together to spread the gospel?
If so, why, and how?
[Don’t let society, your friends, parents, relatives, co-workers, etc. change your God-given purpose in life of evangelizing the lost.].
Phil. 4:1 In what were these believers to stand firm?
Why would standing firm in our faith and in our relationship to the Lord help in our battle against worldly influences, demonic influences, and our own sin nature?
Would having the Lord’s power/enablement and perspective be a good reason to stand fast in the Lord against these influences?
Col. 1:21-23 What will be true “if” (in Greek, meaning “since” because it’s a first class, conditional clause with the Greek subordinate conjunction, “ei”, and it’s in the indicative mood, which shows action that’s really taking place) these Colossians continue in the faith (belief in the Christian gospel) firmly established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope (confident expectation) of the gospel that they heard?
How will knowing this affect your continuance in the faith, and why?
1 Thes. 5:20-21 What were these Christians to hold fast to (see also 2 Thes. 2:15; 2 Tim. 3:14)?
Are you holding fast to good teaching (formerly known as “prophetic utterances”) and not accepting evil/false/wrong teaching, 1 Thes. 5:22?
How would you know whether what you were being taught was good teaching or not?
1 Tim. 6:11 What should a man of God pursue?
Are you pursuing perseverance, and why?
If so, how are you doing this?
Titus 1:9 What is one of the qualifications here for being an overseer (elder), and why?
Do you possess this quality?
If not, how will you?
Heb. 3:6, 14 How could these Hebrews who professed to now be believers in Christ know that they are Christ’s house and a partaker of Christ?
Does this imply that if they didn’t hold fast, that they’d lose their salvation, and why?
Because the recipients of this letter were Hebrew Christians, Heb. 1:1; Hebrews 8 – 10 (as everything is explained against the backdrop of Jewish history and religion, and the epistle makes no reference to Gentile society), who were suffering persecution (Heb. 10:32-34; 12:4) and some were thereby tempted to go back into Judaism to avoid persecution, the author writes this warning to encourage his readers to persevere in the Christian faith.
The “if” in the Greek text is the particle/conjunction “ean”, introducing a future, unfulfilled, hypothetical condition. The writer is proposing a condition as yet unfulfilled.
If these Hebrews, to whom he is writing, “hold fast their confidence” firm to the end of their lives, that fact shows that they belong to the house of God, in other words, are saved. If they do not do so, but instead renounce that profession and return to the system of Levitical sacrifices (Judaism), then that shows that they never were saved. It is not the retaining or losing of salvation that is in question here, but the actual possessing of salvation. The text does not say, “whose house we will continue to be”, but “whose house we are.” Frequently the verb of being is left out by the Greek writer, it being understood in the light of the context. But here, it is in the Greek, and in the present tense. Therefore, the subject of the security of the believer is not in view here.
This verse must be understood in light of its historical background and context. The purpose in writing the Epistle to the Hebrews was to meet a certain condition in the first century. It was to reach Hebrews who had outwardly left the temple sacrifices, had identified themselves with the visible Christian Church, had made a profession of Messiah and who were at the time suffering persecution (Heb. 10:32-34; 12:4) from Judaism in an effort to force them to renounce their professed faith in Messiah and return to the Old Testament sacrifices.
Now, if under the pressure of this persecution they should hold fast their confidence to the end, then that would show that they were saved, and if not, then that would indicate that they had never been saved. If the faith of these Hebrews is a genuine faith, they will persist in the faith to the end of their lives, despite the persecution which they were enduring. If that faith was a mere intellectual assent to the historic facts of the gospel, it will not be able to stand up under this persecution, but will be repudiated by the person. Confidence or boldness would characterize the speech and behavior of the Hebrew who was actually a possessor of salvation and not merely a professor of it.
Wuest’s Word Studies in the Greek New Testament, Vol. 2, pp. 72, 73, 80.
Homer Kent’s The Epistle to the Hebrews: A Commentary, p. 67.
Heb. 4:14; 10:23 Since Jesus Christ is our high priest and because He is faithful, what should we hold fast?
Do you waver in the confession of your hope (salvation in heaven)?
Heb. 12:1-2 How should we run the race (of living the Christian life victoriously) that is set before us?
Are there times that you just want to quit and “throw in the towel” on your Christian life, and why?
If so, what prevents you from doing so?
Heb. 12:7 What is one reason why we should endure hardship?
Are you enduring rather than resisting God’s disciplining of your life, and why?
2 Pet. 1:5-10 Why should we apply all diligence in our perseverance (Heb. 12:8-10)?
Are you, and why?
What are some benefits or rewards for persevering as found in the following passages?
1 Cor. 9:24-25
Rev. 3:11-12, 21