When you want to get to know someone or when you are trying to describe one person to another, you concentrate upon what the person does and what the person says. By these things a person’s character and ability are revealed. This psalm deals with God’s expression of Himself, introducing Himself to man by His work (the material universe) and by His word (the law).
Before beginning to read Psalm 19, try to recall how you felt on an occasion when you were very aware of God’s revelation in nature (an awesome sunset with varied colored clouds, a thunder-storm with spectacular lightning strikes, a range of snow-capped mountains, the brilliant stars in constellations on a clear night, single-celled plants and animals under a microscope, a field filled with colorful flora and insects, a cascading waterfall surrounded by a lush green forest, etc.). Share this with the person you are studying with.
Read Psalm 19:1-6 (It deals with general revelation through God’s creation).
Discover all the words in verses 1-4 which describe the function of the heavens. What times and places are mentioned in connection with this activity?
How do the heavens speak without speech or words or voice? What do they say?
In verses 4c-6 the activity of the sun is described. What pictures do the similes suggest?
How do you know the psalmist is not suggesting worship of the sun?
How does verse 6 emphasize vv. 4a and 4b? Why must all men know something about God? What would happen to mankind without the heat and light of the sun
What do the heavens reveal to you about God?
Read Psalm 19:7-14 (It deals with specific revelation through God’s law/Word).
To what subject does the psalmist now turn our attention (vss. 7-11)?
In verses 7-9, what synonyms are used for “the law of the Lord” (God’s Word)? What is said concerning the nature of the Word of God, the mind and will of the Lord?
What six effects upon man are mentioned in verses 7-8, 11?
In each case, describe in your own words the need that is met.
With what two things are the expressions of the Lord’s will (i.e., the Law) now contrasted (vs. 10)?
What realms of life are suggested by these contrasts?
Summarize in your own words the meditations/conclusion of the psalmist in verses 7-10.
What occasion have you had to discover these things to be true in your own life?
To what realization does the psalmist come in verse 12?
As a result, what four petitions does he make in prayer (vss. 12-14)?
How would you define “hidden faults” and “presumptuous sins”?
Why may they sometimes have dominion (rule) over a person?
How may a man be blameless, innocent, and acceptable (vs. 13)?
What attributes are implied about the Lord when He is called my “rock” and my “redeemer”?
This psalm moves from the vastness of the heavens to the inner thoughts of a man’s heart. What opposite qualities does it reveal about God?
What has studying this psalm changed regarding your thoughts about God?
What has studying this psalm motivated you to do differently or begin to do?