“Truth” (Heb. “mit”) is that which is in accordance with reality and, therefore, certain, reliable, trustworthy, faithful (The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, pp. 1975-78; Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, p. 602).
“Truth” (Gk. “aletheia”) can mean “all of reality”, “actual”, “real” (Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, pp. 602, 603; An Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, pp. 1170, 1171); “factual” (The Compact Dictionary of Doctrinal Words, p. 211; Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, p. 1246; An Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, p. 1170).
It can subjectively mean “sincerity and integrity of character” (An Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, p. 1171; Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, p. 1246).
The phrase “in truth” means “on the basis of truth” (An Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, p. 1171).
Psa. 119:142, 151, 160 What is truth (i.e., reliable, faithful, worthy of confidence)?
Are you confident in and recognize the trustworthiness of the entirety of the Bible, God’s Word?
Jesus, the Word (i.e., the physical embodiment of the expression and reflection of the nature of God, and the revelation of God to man, Jn. 1:17-18; Matt. 11:27; Heb. 1:3), who became flesh was full of grace (i.e., unmerited favor for the guilty) and what else?
What was Jesus the truth (i.e., the final reality) of (Col. 2:16-17; Heb. 7:17, 22-28; 8:1-5; 9:11-14, 23-26; 10:1; Jn. 1:29; 1 Jn. 2:1-2)?
Are you aware of the fact that Jesus Christ is the final reality of both the believer’s high priest (mediator) and sacrificial lamb, who takes away your sins because He paid for them with His blood, which was pictured/symbolized by the Old Testament Jewish priests and the sacrificial lambs?
How does knowing this make you feel, and why?
Jn. 4:23-24 How must God be worshiped?
Are you worshiping (Gk. “proskuneo” – giving homage, that is, showing/acknowledging your supreme loyalty, servanthood/service, and reverence/respect to – Vine’s An Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, p. 1247) God in spirit (i.e., in sincerity; from the inner most being; inward attitude; spiritual consciousness) and truth (i.e., doctrinal soundness; biblical correctness, in accordance with fact)?
Do you worship God the way He wants to be worshiped (in truth) rather than the way you want to or feel like worshiping Him but is in a manner that He doesn’t want to be worshiped?
[The way He wants to be worshiped is by sincerely: praising/thanking Him for who He is and what He does (e.g., Heb. 13:15; Acts 4:24), doing good and sharing (Heb. 13:16; Prov. 19:17; Matt. 25:35-40), and serving Him (“serve” means “worship” in Acts 7:24) with your whole life in what He wants/commands (e.g., Rom. 12:1) with the right attitude/motives (e.g., Phil. 3:3; Prov. 16:2), such as in evangelizing the spiritually lost (e.g., Rom. 1:9) and building up/ministering to the saints/Christians (Heb. 6:10).].
Jn. 5:33 To what did John the Baptist bear witness?
And what was this truth (i.e., dependable reality), as seen in Jn. 1:29, 34?
Are you regularly bearing witness to this truth by evangelizing?
If these believing Jews abided in (remained in; truly believed) Jesus’ words, as found in Jn. 8:23-24 (that He is the “I am” of Ex. 3:14, that He is God the Son and Messiah, Jn. 1:34; 7:27, 41-42), then they would truly be disciples/converts of His, and what would they know in their own experience (acknowledge as their own by appropriation, by taking possession of it – Dr. Hendriksen, New Testament Commentary – The Gospel of John, pp. 74, 80)?
Not only would they know the truth (i.e., the reality of salvation in Him, Jesus), but this truth would set them free (from enslavement/bondage to sin, Jn. 8:34-36). Have you been set free from bondage to sin because you’re abiding in (truly believing in) Jesus’ words, as found in Jn. 6:40, 47; 7:29, 38 (i.e., that faith in Him as Messiah gains one eternal life)?
Jn. 14:6 Who is truth (i.e., all divine reality and, therefore, the dependable source of redemptive revelation)?
Who or what are you depending on/in to get you to God, heaven, or eternal life?
Jn. 16:13 What will the Spirit of truth (i.e., divine reality; factualness) guide Jesus’ apostles into?
Do we find that the Holy Spirit did guide the apostles of Jesus Christ into all the truth (e.g., the facts about Jesus and His redemptive ministry and future things), especially as they recorded the New Testament books of the Bible?
How do you know, besides the fact that Peter demonstrates this in his sermons in Acts 2:14-36; 3:12-26; 10:34-44, and the Bible says so (e.g., 2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Pet. 1:20-21; 1 Cor. 2:9-10; Deut. 18:20-21)?
Jn. 17:17-20 Jesus prays to His Father that His disciples be sanctified (i.e., set apart for special use for God) in what?
And what is truth?
What aspect of God’s word did Jesus especially have in mind (e.g., Jn. 6:40, 47; 10:9, 11; 14:6; 15:16 with Jn. 4:35-36; Eph. 1:13; Col. 1:5)?
How do we know that it’s the gospel that Jesus is especially referring to (Jn. 17:18, 20; Lk. 19:10; 9:1-2; Mk. 1:14-15, 38)?
[Jesus was sanctifying Himself (setting Himself apart for God to preach the gospel) for the sake of His disciples, that they could both hear the gospel as well as see how He spread it, so that they would go and do likewise (“sanctify themselves in the truth”), Jn. 17:19.].
Who else did Jesus pray for to be sanctified in the truth (i.e., set apart for God to preach the gospel, Jn. 17:20)?
Does this sound like Matt. 28:19-20, where it shows that it’s every disciple’s (convert’s/believer’s) responsibility to go and make disciples (converts/believers) through preaching the gospel?
Jn. 18:37 For what was Jesus born and come into the world?
And what was this truth (i.e., reality/fact), as seen in Jn. 6:40, 47; 4:25-26, 42; 10:9, 11, 27-28; 14:6?
And who hears Jesus’ voice (see also Jn. 10:26-27)?
Are you of the truth (i.e., Jesus Christ and the reality of salvation through faith in Him as Savior; one of His sheep or chose ones)?
How do you know?
Gal. 5:1, 6-7 What were these Galatian Christians hindered from?
Is anyone (like the Judaizers in Galatia, Gal. 2:4, 12; Acts 15:1, who taught that believers had to keep the Law to be saved) hindering you from obeying (living out) the truth (of the gospel, that salvation is by faith alone in Christ as Savior – Gal. 1:6; 2:4, 14, 16; 3:24-26 – and not by keeping the Old Testament Law, such as getting circumcised, Acts 15:1, 5, 7, 9, 11; Gal. 5:11) by living a life of faith through loving service to others (Gal. 5:6, 13; Phil. 2:12) and, thereby, showing your gratitude to God for a salvation that’s been freely given?
[We are saved to live for Jesus, 2 Cor. 5:15, rather than for ourselves or for just merely going to heaven.].
Eph. 4:25 What should we speak with our neighbor (i.e., Christians we meet)?
Do you speak truth (i.e., what’s factual) with your fellow Christians, or do you exaggerate and/or lie so as to not hurt people’s feelings, even though they need to hear the truth for their best welfare, and why?
1 Cor. 13:6 What rejoices with the truth (i.e., what’s factual, correct, biblical)?
Why would love rejoice with the truth?
Do you rejoice with the truth because you love others, and love seeks other’s best interests, and truth is what’s best for everyone?
Phil. 4:8 What should our minds do with that which is true (i.e., actual, factual, conforming to reality as opposed to falsehood or fable)?
Do you let your mind dwell on lies, vain imaginations, science fiction, or fantasies (e.g., evolution, that we’re just a higher animal; that you’re worthless; that you deserve anything you want; that your race is superior to others; that you’re Superman or a super hero; etc.)?
Why would it be detrimental to do so (Prov. 23:7)?
2 Thes. 2:10-13 Why are some people going to perish (2 Thes. 2:10)?
Have you accepted or rejected God’s love as expressed in the reality/fact/truth of the gospel (Jn. 3:16; Eph. 1:13; Col. 1:5)?
What will receiving the truth (of the gospel) result in (2 Thes. 2:10)?
Eph. 6:13-14 Like the Roman soldier, the Christian is to gird/surround/fasten his loin/waist with what?
Are you prepared for spiritual warfare by having truth (i.e., integrity of character, sincerity of mind, a good/clear conscience) surround your life?
[Satan won’t be able to cause you to spiritually fall in spiritual battle, trip you up, with guilt if you have a clear conscience and an honest life.].
2 Tim. 2:15 What was Timothy to handle accurately?
Are you handling accurately (teaching and interpreting correctly) the word of truth (God’s Word, the Bible; the facts of the Bible)?
How do you know?
2 Tim. 3:6-8 What aren’t these hypocritical, religious leaders able to come to?
[Gk. “epignosis” – means “full knowledge/understanding of”].
And what do they oppose?
Do you know of religious people who can neither understand nor accept the truth of the gospel?
Why do you think this is (see 1 Cor. 2:14; Acts 16:14; 11:18; 13:48; Eph. 2:8)?
2 Tim. 4:3-4 What will people turn their ears from and turn to instead?
Have you met many people, even church-goers, who turn their ears from the truth (sound/biblical doctrine/teaching) and prefer to hear preachers who promote nice falsities that make these people feel good about themselves?
2 Tim. 2:24-26 What may correction with gentleness, to those who are in opposition to the truth (2 Tim. 2:18), lead to if God grants them repentance (i.e., a change of thinking/mind)?
Have you known of any Christians who were deceived into believing false doctrine (like the Galatians in Gal. 1:6-7; 3:1; 6:7 and the Corinthians in 1 Cor. 15:33-34; 2 Cor. 11:3-4), but who later came to the knowledge (i.e., full knowledge) of the truth (of some biblical teaching) and to their senses?
Titus 1:1 Besides being a servant and an apostle of God for the purpose of reaching those chosen of God (for salvation), with what else was Paul concerned?
Is one of your concerns and purposes in life to give/teach believers the knowledge of the truth (i.e., biblical doctrines) aimed at their spiritual growth to godliness/sanctification?
Why (Rom. 14:19; 1 Thes. 5:11)?
Jas. 3:14 What does becoming arrogant due to bitter jealousy and selfish ambition do?
Have you ever boasted about or become arrogant due to such attitudes and so lied against (denied) the truth (of the transforming power of the gospel, 2 Cor. 5:17; 1 Cor. 1:18)?
Jas. 5:19-20 If anyone turns a Christian who’s in sin back from straying from the truth (of the gospel or Christian biblicalness/orthodoxy), in what will it result?
Have you ever turned a sinning Christian back from straying from the truth (like those in 2 Tim. 2:17-18) and so saved his/her soul (life) from death (spiritual separation from God) and covered (helped him/her to be the recipient of forgiveness from God for, Psa. 32:1; 85:2) a multitude of sins?
1 Jn. 1:6 When do we lie and not practice/state the truth (i.e., reality; what’s factual)?
Have you ever told other Christians that you were in fellowship (i.e., a right/harmonious relationship) with God, but were actually walking (living) in darkness (unconfessed, unrepentant sin)?
1 Jn. 3:18-19 How are we to love people?
Do you love people in deed (by your actions) and truth (i.e., in actuality/in sincerity), and not just verbally?
When we truly love people by our actions and with genuine motive (i.e., sincerely, out of love), what will we know by this?
Do you know that you are of the truth (i.e., of Christ) because you truly love people?
[Only those who are Christ’s, who have the Holy Spirit, can truly love because it’s a product of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22).].
2 Jn. 1:1-2
What was the elder’s (the apostle John’s), attitude toward the chosen lady (probably a personification for a particular church) and her children (probably another personification for the members of this church)?
And who else loved them in truth (i.e., actuality or sincerely)?
Do all who know the truth (of the gospel; or Christ) really/sincerely love you?
How do you know?
For the sake of (because of) the truth (i.e., the Holy Spirit, 1 Jn. 5:7; Jn. 14:16-17) which/who abided/lived in these Christians, they loved the members of this church. Do you really love (seek the best interest of) all the Christians you know?
2 Jn. 1:3-4 From whom would grace, mercy, and peace be with these Christians in an atmosphere (a context/realm) of truth (i.e., ultimate reality) and love?
And what was the elder glad to find?
Are you glad when you find out that Christians you know, but who live a distance away, are living in the truth (i.e., in conformity with God’s Word or the Gospel truth)?
1 Pet. 1:22 What had these believers done in obedience to the truth (i.e., believing the gospel)?
Has your conversion/purified life led you to sincerely love your fellow Christians?
If so, how?
Acts 16:16-18 Can a demon-possessed person speak the truth?
What did this demon-possessed girl say that was true, Acts 16:17?
If she was crying out the truth, why was Paul greatly annoyed and cast the demon/spirit out of her?
Do you see that though demon-possessed people can say some true things, they are very dangerous to true Christianity because they can easily mix in false teachings with some true things and, thereby, mislead people into doctrines/teachings of demons (1 Tim. 4:1)?
Is this what preachers and evangelists in the Charismatic movement do?
If so, give an example.